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网上关于“新冠肺炎”的这些偏方都没用:牛尿治疗法、吃大蒜……

  比新冠肺炎疫情更让人担心的是,社交网络上关于疫情以及预防病毒感染的谣言满天飞。不少人为此交了大笔“智商税”,还可能损害健康。

  据悉,日本有谣传“花岗岩能防病毒”,导致日本网民疯抢花岗岩,而且是用来泡澡……

  近日,印度还出现了针对新冠病毒的“牛尿治疗法”。

  关于大蒜的各类奇怪偏方也在各国流传,称吃大蒜可以预防感染。

  世界卫生组织用“信息疫情”(infodemic)一词形容由新冠肺炎疫情引发的社交媒体虚假信息,并呼吁人们警惕谣言和错误信息的传播。

  一起来看看下面的各路虚假信息,谨防中招。

  1. 吃大蒜

  Lots of posts that recommend eating garlic to prevent infection are being shared on Facebook.

  脸书的网友们分享了很多建议吃大蒜预防新冠病毒感染的帖子。

  The WHO (World Health Organization) says that while it is “a healthy food that may have some antimicrobial properties”, there’s no evidence that eating garlic can protect people from the new coronavirus.

  世界卫生组织称,尽管大蒜是一种“可能具有某些抗菌特性的健康食品”,但没有证据表明吃大蒜可以保护人们免受新冠病毒的感染。

  antimicrobial [,æntɪmaɪ’krəʊbɪəl]:adj.杀菌的,抗菌的

网上关于“新冠肺炎”的这些偏方都没用:牛尿治疗法、吃大蒜......

  In lots of cases, these kinds of remedies aren’t harmful in themselves, as long as they aren’t preventing you from following evidence-based medical advice. But they have the potential to be.

  在很多情况下,只要不妨碍你遵循循证医学建议,这类疗法本身无害,但也有可能有害人体健康。

  The South China Morning Post reported a story of a woman who had to receive hospital treatment for a severely inflamed throat after consuming 1.5kg of raw garlic.

  据《南华早报》报道,一名女子在食用了1.5公斤生大蒜后,因喉咙严重发炎而入院治疗。

  We know, in general, that eating fruit and vegetables and drinking water can be good for staying healthy. However, there is no evidence specific foods will help fight this particular virus.

  我们知道,一般来说,吃果蔬和喝水有益健康。但没有证据表明某种食物可以帮助对抗新冠病毒。

  2. “神奇的”矿物质?

  YouTuber Jordan Sather, who has many thousands of followers across different platforms, has been claiming that a “miracle mineral supplement”, called MMS, can “wipe out” coronavirus.

  油管用户乔丹·萨瑟在不同的平台上都有成千上万的粉丝,他一直声称一种“神奇矿物质补品”(简称MMS)可以“消灭”冠状病毒。

  It contains chlorine dioxide – a bleaching agent.

  MMS含有二氧化氯,这是一种漂白剂。

  Sather and others promoted the substance even before the coronavirus outbreak, and in January he tweeted that, “not only is chlorine dioxide (aka MMS) an effective cancer cell killer, it can wipe out coronavirus too”.

  早在新冠病毒暴发之前,萨瑟等人就开始推广这种矿物质补品了。今年1月,他在推特上写道:“二氧化氯(又名MMS)不仅可以有效杀灭癌细胞,还能消灭冠状病毒。”

  Last year, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned about the dangers to health of drinking MMS. Health authorities in other countries have also issued alerts about it.

  去年,美国食品和药物管理局警告了饮用MMS对健康的危害。其他国家的卫生机构也发出了警告。

  The FDA says it “is not aware of any research showing that these products are safe or effective for treating any illness”. It warns that drinking them can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and symptoms of severe dehyrdation.

  美国食品和药物管理局表示“没有任何研究表明这些产品对治疗某些疾病是安全或有效的”。它警告说,饮用MMS会导致恶心、呕吐、腹泻和严重脱水症状。

  A man sitting in a train, wears mask and uses hand sanitiser gel as Italy battles a coronavirus outbreak, in Florence, Italy, March 7, 2020. 

       3. 自制洗手液

  There have been many reports of shortages of hand sanitiser gel, as washing your hands is one key way to prevent spread of the virus.

  由于洗手是防止病毒传播的关键途径之一,所以洗手液短缺的报道很多。

  But these recipes were for a disinfectant better suited for cleaning surfaces and, as scientists pointed out, not suitable for use on skin.

  但这些自制洗手液实际上是一种更适合清洁物体表面的消毒剂,正如科学家指出的那样,不适合清洁皮肤。

  Alcohol-based hand gels usually also contain emollients, which make them gentler on skin, on top of their 60-70% alcohol content.

  含酒精的洗手液通常还含有润肤霜,即使酒精含量高达60-70%,用在皮肤上也较为温和。

  emollient [ɪˈmɒliənt]:n.润肤霜

  Professor Sally Bloomfield, at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, says she does not believe you could make an effective product for sanitising hands at home – even vodka only contains 40% alcohol.

  伦敦卫生和热带医学学院的莎莉·布卢姆菲尔德教授说,她不相信人们可以在家里制造出一种有效的洗手产品——伏特加的酒精含量也只有40%。

  For cleaning surfaces, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says most common household disinfectants should be effective.

  对于清洁表面而言,美国疾病控制和预防中心表示,大多数常见的家用消毒剂都有效。

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