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双语:武汉订正病例和病亡数据,原因是什么?

  武汉市新冠肺炎疫情防控指挥部17日发布《关于武汉市新冠肺炎确诊病例数确诊病例死亡数订正情况的通报》,全文如下:

  根据《中华人民共和国传染病防治法》第三十八条第四款“公布传染病疫情信息应当及时、准确”,《突发公共卫生事件应急条例》第二十五条第三款“信息发布应当及时、准确、全面”,《中华人民共和国统计法实施条例》第十九条“统计资料不完整或者存在明显错误的,应当由统计调查对象依法予以补充或者改正”,《人口死亡信息登记管理规范(试行)》第十四条“医疗卫生机构应当建立数据订正制度”、第十五条“医疗卫生机构应当建立数据比对校核与补报制度”等规定,本着对历史负责、对人民负责、对逝者负责的原则,为确保全市新冠肺炎疫情信息公开透明、数据准确,武汉市新冠肺炎疫情防控指挥部专门成立涉疫大数据与流行病学调查组,组织市卫健、疾控、公安、民政、司法、统计等部门,线上对武汉市疫情防控大数据信息系统、市殡葬信息系统、市医政医管新冠肺炎信息系统、市新冠肺炎病毒核酸检测系统中的病例进行线上比对、去重、补全,线下按照全覆盖、无遗漏要求,对所有涉疫地点数据进行全采集,包括发热门诊、医院、方舱、隔离点、涉疫社区,以及公安、司法、民政等部门管辖的监所、养老机构等特殊场所,对所有病例个人信息全采集,通过医疗机构、街道社区、基层派出所、患者所在单位及家属,逐人排查核对,截至4月16日24时,确诊病例核增325例,累计确诊病例数订正为50333例;确诊病例的死亡病例核增1290例,累计确诊病例的死亡数订正为3869例。

  The total number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Wuhan as of the end of April 16 was revised up by 325 to 50,333, and the number of fatalities up by 1,290 to 3,869.

  In a notification, the Wuhan municipal headquarters for the COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control said the revisions were made in accordance with related laws and regulations as well as the principle of being responsible for history, the people and the deceased.

  This ensures that the information on the city’s COVID-19 epidemic is open and transparent, and the data are accurate, said the notification.

  出现以上数据差异的原因:

  一是疫情早期病人激增,导致医疗资源挤兑,收治能力严重不足,有些患者没有入院治疗,在家中病亡。

  A surging number of patients at the early stage of the epidemic overwhelmed medical resources and the admission capacity of medical institutions. Some patients died at home without having been treated in hospitals.

  二是在救治高峰期,医院超负荷运转,医务人员忙于救治,客观上存在迟报、漏报和误报现象。

  During the height of their treating efforts, hospitals were operating beyond their capacities and medical staff were preoccupied with saving and treating patients, resulting in belated, missed and mistaken reporting.

  三是由于收治患者的定点医疗机构快速增加,既有部属、省属、市属和区属医院,也有企业、民营医院和方舱医院等,少数医疗机构未能及时与大疫情网对接、报送信息。

  Due to a rapid increase of designated hospitals for treating COVID-19 patients, including those administered by ministries, Hubei province, Wuhan city and its districts, those affiliated to companies, as well as private hospitals and makeshift hospitals, a few medical institutions were not linked to the epidemic information network and failed to report their data in time.

  四是有些死亡病例信息登记不全,存在重报、误报情况。

  The registered information of some of the deceased patients was incomplete, and there were repetitions and mistakes in the reporting.

  生命至上,人民至上。每一个在疫情中逝去的生命是家庭之殇,更是城市铭心之痛。在此,我们谨向在新冠肺炎疫情期间病逝者家属致以诚挚慰问,向不幸罹难的同胞和牺牲的医务人员致以深切哀悼!

  武汉市新冠肺炎疫情防控指挥部2020年4月17日

     为何对相关数据进行订正?

  2020年4月17日,武汉市新冠肺炎疫情防控指挥部就新冠肺炎确诊病例数、确诊病例死亡数订正情况进行了通报。

The city of Wuhan in central China on Friday revised its numbers of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) confirmed cases and deaths.

  当日,武汉市新冠肺炎疫情防控指挥部有关负责人接受记者专访,回答了有关问题。

  ❶ 为什么要对武汉市新冠肺炎确诊病例数、确诊病例死亡数进行订正?

  Why were revisions made to the numbers of confirmed cases and deaths of COVID-19?

  答:新冠肺炎疫情是新中国成立以来,在我国发生的传播速度最快、感染范围最广、防控难度最大的一次重大突发公共卫生事件。

  The novel coronavirus epidemic is a major public health emergency which is the fastest spreading, most widely affecting, and most difficult to control since the founding of the New China. 

  武汉市作为全国疫情防控决战决胜的主战场,在党中央、国务院坚强领导下,在湖北省委、省政府具体指挥下,采取最全面、最严格、最彻底的防控措施,目前疫情传播已基本阻断,离汉通道已解除管控,为全面详细开展疫情数据核查订正工作创造了有利条件。对涉及确诊、死亡等疫情信息,均应及时报告,并公开透明、实事求是予以发布。

  As the main battleground for securing a decisive victory in the national epidemic prevention and control, Wuhan has taken the most comprehensive, stringent and thorough prevention and control measures under the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the State Council, as well as the command of the CPC Hubei provincial committee and the provincial government. Currently, the epidemic transmission in Wuhan has been basically contained and the restrictions on outbound travel channels have been lifted, creating favorable conditions for carrying out the checking and rectification work of the epidemic data in a comprehensive and detailed manner. Epidemic information, such as the confirmed cases and deaths, should be reported in time and released in an open, transparent and truthful manner. 

  疫情早期,由于收治能力不足、少数医疗机构未能及时与疾病预防控制信息系统对接,医院超负荷运转,医务人员忙于救治,客观上存在迟报、漏报、误报现象。

  In the early period of the outbreak, due to the insufficiency in admission and treatment capability, a few medical institutions failed to connect with the disease prevention and control system in time, while hospitals were overloaded and medics were overwhelmed with patients. As a result, belated, missed and mistaken reporting occurred. 

  根据《中华人民共和国传染病防治法》第三十八条第四款“公布传染病疫情信息应当及时、准确”,《突发公共卫生事件应急条例》第二十五条第三款“信息发布应当及时、准确、全面”,《中华人民共和国统计法实施条例》第十九条“统计资料不完整或者存在明显错误的,应当由统计调查对象依法予以补充或者改正”,《人口死亡信息登记管理规范(试行)》第十四条“医疗卫生机构应当建立数据订正制度”、第十五条“医疗卫生机构应当建立数据比对校核与补报制度”等规定,须对全市新冠肺炎确诊病例数、确诊病例死亡数予以订正。

  In accordance with the fourth paragraph, Article 38 of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Prevention and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, which stipulates that “information on epidemic situation of infectious diseases shall be released in a timely and accurate manner”; the third paragraph, Article 25 of the Regulations on Preparedness for and Response to Emergent Public Health Hazards, which stipulates that “information shall be released in a timely, accurate and comprehensive way”; Article 19 of the Regulations for the Implementation of the Statistics Law of the People’s Republic of China, which stipulates that “if statistical data are incomplete or have obvious mistakes, the target under statistical investigation shall provide supplementation or correction according to law”; Article 14 and Article 15 of the Rules for the Population Death Information Registration (for trial implementation), which stipulate that “medical institutions shall establish data revision systems,” “medical institutions shall establish data comparison, verification and supplementation systems,” and other regulations, it is a must to rectify the numbers of confirmed COVID-19 cases and deaths in the city.

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