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2020高考英语必备:高中英语“一词多义”重点词汇!

  A

  1.accident:

  ① 事故(n.) I saw an accident when I walked in the street.

  ② 意外、偶然的事(n.) (accidentally)

  2.appear:

  ① 出现 (vi) A ship appeared on the horizon.  (disappear消失)

  ② 好象, 似乎(vi) She appears to have many friends.

  3.apply:

  ① 申请(for)(vi) Mr.Wang decided to apply for the job.

  ② 运用、应用 (to)(vt.) Our teacher applies this teaching method to his class.

  4.arm 手臂  (n.)           武装 (v)

  Lay down your arms or we’ll fire!放下武器,否则,我们就开枪了!

  Police say the man is armed with guns and very dangerous. 警察说该男子携有枪,十分危险。

  5.area:

  ① 地区(n.) Do you like the area where you are living?

  ② 面积(n.) The city covers an area of 30,000 square kilometer.

  6.ask (熟义:问)vt.要求

  The teacher asked that all the students stay at the classroom. 老师要求所有学生呆在教室

  7.attend (熟义:出席) vt.参加;vi.看护,治疗

  Mr.Park attended a summer course.帕克先生参加一个暑期课程。 

  If you go out,who’ll attend to the baby?如果你走了,谁来照看婴儿? 

  B

  1.break:

  ① 打破、打碎(vt.) The boy broke the windows of the house.

  ② 休息 (n.) We have been working all the morning,let`s have a break.

  2.bill:

  ① 帐单(n.) Have you paid the bill?

  ② 钞票(n.) a ten-dollar bill

  3. book (熟义:书) v. 预定,预购

   I would like to book three seats for tonight’s concert. 我想预定今晚音乐会的三个座位。

  4.beat (熟义:击打) v. ① (心脏) 跳动

  He is alive—his heart is still beating. 他还活着—心脏还在跳动。

   ② 打败  He beat me at chess. 他下棋赢了我。

  C

  1.can (熟义:能) n.罐头vt.做成罐头

  2.capital (熟义:首都) n. 大写字母;资本

  Write your name in block capitals, please. 姓名请用大写。

  3.change (熟义:变化) n. 零钱,找头

  Have you got change for a five-pound note? 你有没有5英镑的零钱?

  4.charge:

  ① 负责(n.) The young man is in charge of the company.

  ② 充电(vt.) My cellphone is fully charged.

  ③ 收取(费用)(vt.) How much do you charge me for mending shoes?

  ④ 指控(vt.) He was charged with murder.

  5.cost (熟义:花费;值……)vt.使失去(生命、健康等)

  Careless driving cost his life. 粗心的驾驶使他付出生命的代价。

  6.course (熟义:过程) n. 课程;航线;一道菜

  I’d like to take a refresher course to improve my driving. 我想参加补习训练以提高自己的驾驶技术。

  The plane was off the course.飞机偏离航向。

  They were treated with a five-course dinner for lunch. 招待他们五道菜的正餐。

  7.court:

  ① 法庭、宫廷(n.) 

  ② 庭院,球场(n.)

  8.concerned: (adj.)

  ①担心的、忧虑的  be concerned about :We are all concerned about her safety.

  ② 与……有关  be concerned with: Her lastest film is concerned with wild life

  9.comfort:

  ① (使)舒适(服)(vt.) Cool water can comfort you in summer.

  ② 安慰(vt.) The mother was comforting the crying boy.

  ③ 安慰(n.) It is a comfort to know that she is safe.

  10.company

  ① 公司(n.) He worked in the company last year.

  ② 友伴、陪伴(n.) keep sb company  I will stay here and keep you company.

  11.cause: 

  ① 造成、引起、产生(vt.)  Smoking can cause lung cancer.

  ② 原因(n.) What`s the cause of the big fire?

  12.close:

  ① 关 (vt.) Close the door when you leave the room.

  ② 靠近的(adj.)The church is close to our school.

  ③ 亲密的、亲近的(adj.)a close friend

  ④ 位置接近地(adv.)  The girl felt very cold,so she stood close to her mother.

  13.cover:

  ① 覆盖、掩护(vt.) She covered the table with a cloth.

  ② 盖子、封面(n.)  Please pass me the book with a red cover.

  14.check:

  ① 核查(vt.) Let me check your answer.

  ② 支票(n.)I will ask the boss for the check.

  15.count [熟义:数(数目)]  vi.重要;vt.认为

  Every minute counts.每分每秒都重要。

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