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初中英语八年级下册重点短语和句型总结

  八年级下册重点短语和句型总结

  Unit 1

  ❋ Section A ❋

  have a cold / fever / nosebleed / stomachache / sore back / sore throat /

  heart problem

  感冒 / 发烧 / 流鼻血 / 胃痛 / 背疼 / 嗓子疼 / 有心脏病

  take breaks / take a break 休息

  right away 立即;马上

  lie down 躺下

  get into 陷入;参与

  get off 下车

  take one’s temperature 量体温

  to one’s surprise

  使……惊讶的;出乎……意料

  think twice 再三考虑

  put some medicine on the cut

  在伤口上敷点药

  get an X-ray 做X光检查

  in the same way 以相同的方式

  agree to do sth. 同意做某事

  thanks to 多亏;由于

  in time 及时

  fall down 突然倒下;跌倒;倒塌

  ❋ Section B ❋

  be used to (doing) sth.

  习惯于(做)某事;适应于(做)某事

  take risks / take a risk 冒险

  run out (of sth.) 用完(某物)

  cut off 切除

  give up 放弃

  get out of 离开;从……出来

  be in control of 掌管;管理

  rest for a few days 休息几天

  get sunburned 晒伤

  get hit on the head 头部受到撞击

  have problems breathing 呼吸困难

  get hit by a ball 被球击中

  lose one’s life 失去生命

  between a rock and a hard place

  左右为难;进退两难

  make a decision 做决定

  save one’s life 救某人的命

  Unit 2

  ❋ Section A ❋

  clean up 打扫(或清除)干净

  cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振奋起来

  give out 分发;散发

  put off 推迟

  come up with

  想出;提出(主意、计划、回答等)

  hand out 分发

  care for 照顾;非常喜欢

  call up 打电话给(某人);征召

  used to 曾经……;过去……

  try out 参加……选拔;试用

  help out (帮助……)分担工作;解决难题

  look of joy on one’s face

  某人脸上喜悦的表情

  at the age of … 在……岁时

  go on a different journey

  进行一次不同的旅行

  by oneself 独自;单独

  give up 放弃

  a dream come true

  梦想成为现实;梦想成真

  volunteer to do sth. 自愿做某事

  at the same time 同时

  ❋ Section B ❋

  give away 赠送;捐赠

  take after (外貌或行为)像

  make a difference (to)

  (对……)影响;有作用

  fix up 修理;装饰

  be similar to 与……相像的、类似的

  answer the telephone 接电话

  at once 立刻;马上

  set up 建起;设立

  change my life 改变我的生活

  disabled people 残疾人

  be strong in 强项是……

  do the volunteer job 做志愿工作

  Unit 3

  ❋ Section A ❋

  take out the rubbish 倒垃圾

  all the time 频繁;反复 at least 至少

  as soon as 一……就……

  do the dishes 清洗餐具

  sweep the floor 扫地

  get a ride 搭便车

  fold one’s clothes 叠衣服

  make one’s bed 铺床

  throw down 扔下

  clean the living room 打扫客厅

  go out for dinner 外出就餐

  stay out late 在外呆到很晚

  in surprise 惊讶地

  do chores 做家务

  have a basketball game 举行一场篮球赛

  help out with sth. 帮助做某事

  watch this show 看这个表演

  take the dog for a walk 遛狗

  pass me the salt 把盐递给我

  lend me some money 借给我一些钱

  ❋ Section B ❋

  in order to 目的是;为了

  as a result 结果

  depend on 依靠;信赖

  fall ill 生病

  take care of 照顾;处理

  invite my friends to a party

  邀请我的朋友来参加聚会

  a waste of time 浪费时间

  spend … on …

  在……上花……(时间、金钱)

  get good grades 取得好成绩

  get into a good university

  进入一所好大学

  provide sth. for sb. 给某人提供某物

  mind doing sth. 介意做某事

  develop one’s independence

  培养某人的独立性

  teach them how to look after themselves

  教他们如何照顾自己

  understand the idea of fairness

  理解公平的概念

  learn to be independent 学会独立

  Unit 4

  ❋ Section A ❋

  look through 快速查看;浏览

  big deal 重要的事

  work out 成功地发展;解决

  get on with 和睦相处;关系良好

  allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

  after-school classes 课外班

  get into a fight 参与 / 卷入打架中

  have a fight with … 与……打架

  give sth. back 归还某物

  be angry with sb. 生某人的气

  refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事

  offer to do sth. 提议或主动提出做某事

  mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事

  communicate with sb. 和某人交流

  copy one’s homework 抄某人的作业

  be afraid of … 害怕……

  speak in front of people

  在众人面前发言

  ❋ Section B ❋

  cut out 删除;删去

  compare … with 比较;对比

  in one’s opinion 依……看

  compete with … 和……竞争

  exam skills 考试技能

  get into a good high school

  上一所好高中

  have a quick dinner 迅速地吃晚饭

  push sb. so hard 把某人逼得太紧

  cause a lot of stress 造成许多压力

  give sb. a lot of pressure

  给某人施加很大压力

  join after-school activities

  参加课外活动

  from a young age 从很小的年龄起

(本文来自英/+语.[啦)
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