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英语七年级下册重点知识归纳:Unit5知识点梳理(人教版)

  Unit5 Why do you like pandas?

  Unit 5单词 (音标)

  panda[‘pændə]n.熊猫

  zoo [zu:] n.动物园

      tiger[‘taɪgə(r)] n.老虎

      elephant[‘elɪfənt] n.大象

      koala [kəʊ’ɑ:lə] n.树袋熊;考拉

      lion [‘laɪən] n.狮子

      giraffe[dʒə’rɑ:f] n.长颈鹿

      animal[‘ænɪml] n.动物

      cute [kju:t] adj.可爱的;机灵的

      lazy [‘leɪzɪ] adj.懒散的;懒惰的

      smart [smɑ:(r)t] adj.聪明的

      beautiful[‘bju:tɪfl] adj.美丽的;美好的

      scary [‘skeərɪ] adj.吓人的;恐怖的

      kind [kaɪnd] n.种类

     kind of 稍微;有点

     Australia[ɒ’streɪlɪə] n.澳大利亚

     south [saʊθ] adj.南方的n.南;南方

     Africa [‘æfri:kə] n.非洲

     South Africa南非

     pet [pet] n.宠物

     leg [leg] n.腿

     cat [kæt] n.猫

     sleep [sli:p] v.&n.睡觉

     friendly [‘frendli]adj.友好的

     shy [ʃaɪ] adj.羞怯的;腼腆的

     save [seɪv] v.救;救助

     symbol [‘sɪmbl] n.象征

     flag [flæg] n.旗,旗帜

     forget [fə(r)’get] v.忘记;遗忘

     get lost迷路

     place [pleɪs] n.地点;位置

     water [‘wɔ:tə] n.水

     danger [‘deɪndʒə(r)] n.危险

     be in (great) danger处于(极大)危险中

     cut [kʌ:t] v.砍;切

     down[daʊn]adv.(坐、躺、倒)下

     prep.向下、沿着

     cut down砍到

     tree [tri:] n.树

     kill [kɪl] v.杀死;弄死

     ivory [‘aɪvəri] n.象牙

     over[‘əʊvə(r)]prep.超过;多于在……上方

     (be) made of由……制成的

     Julie [‘dʒu:lɪ]朱莉(女名)

     Becky [‘beki]贝姬(女名)

     Thailand [‘taɪlænd]n.泰国

     Thai [taɪ] n.泰国(人的);泰语(的)

  Unit5 知识梳理

  【重点短语】

  1. importance in Thailand 在泰国的重要性

      2. Let’s see…. first. 让我们先看…

      3. favorite animals 最喜欢的动物

      4. kind of interesting 有点有趣

      5. South Africa 南非

      6. be from =come from 来自

      7. be smart 聪明的

      8. walk on two legs 用两条腿走

      9. all day/all night 整天 /整夜

     10. a good name for her 对于她是个好名字

     11. like …a lot 非常喜欢……

     12. black and white 黑白相间

     13. You’re right. 你是正确的。

     14. one of +名词复数 (……其中之一)

     15. our first flag 我们的第一面旗

     16. a symbol of good luck 好运的象征

     17. draw well 画得好

     18. forget to do 忘记做某事

     19. get/be lost 迷路

     20. places with food and water有食物和水的地方

     21. be in great danger 处于危险

     22. cut down 砍倒

     23. over = more than 超过/多于

     24 be made of… 由…制成

     25.Thai Elephant Day 大象节

  【重点句型】1. —Let’s see the pandas first. They’re my favorite animals.咱们先看熊猫吧,我最喜欢熊猫了。—Why?

  为什么?

  —Because they’re very cute.

  因为它们非常可爱。2. Why do you want to see them?你为什么想看它们?3. He can walk on two legs.他(指“狗”)会立着行.4. —Why don’t you like the cat?你为什么不喜欢这猫?—Well,because she’s kind of boring, she sleeps all day.

  因为她有点儿令人乏味,并且整天都在睡觉5. —Why don’t you like tigers?你为何不喜欢老虎?—Because they’re really scary.

  因为它们确实可怕。6. —Where are lions from?狮子来自什么地方?—They’re from South Africa.

  他们来自南非。7. But I like tigers a lot.但我非常喜欢老虎。8. Our first flag had a white elephant on it.我们的第一面国旗上就绘着一头白象!9. People say that “an elephant never forgets. ”人们说大象从来不会忘记。10. Elephants can walk for a long time and never get lost.大象能够长时间行走,而且不迷路。11. But elephants are in great danger.但是大象面临巨大的危险。12. We must save the trees and not buy things made of ivory.我们必须拯救树木,拒买象牙制品。

  【话题写作】:本单元以动物话题,描述自己喜欢的动物及原因。

  写作题目:根据下面表格的内容,以A Trip to the Zoo写一篇60词左右的短文介绍一下动物园新来的两只动物。

英语七年级下册重点知识归纳:Unit5知识点梳理(人教版)

  优秀满分范文:A Trip to the ZooWelcome to the zoo. There are two new animals. The panda’s name is Feifei .She is from China .She likes eating bamboo. She is lovely and shy. She is only two years old. The other animal is a lion .His name is Karl. He is from Africa. He likes eating meat. He is very dangerous and strong. He is three years old .We all like them.

  Unit5 词汇讲解

  1. cutecute形容词,“聪明的,可爱的”,多指小动物聪明可爱,也可以指小女孩聪明伶俐,招人喜爱。例如:The panda is very cute. 熊猫很可爱。拓展: cute, smart与clever 的区别

英语七年级下册重点知识归纳:Unit5知识点梳理(人教版)

  2. beautifulbeautiful 形容词,“漂亮的,好看的”相当于good-looking,在句中常作定语或者表语。其反义词是 ugly“丑陋的”,其名词为beauty,意为“美人,美丽”。例如: We saw a beautiful girl. 我们看到一个漂亮的女孩儿。 The music sounds beautiful. 音乐听起来很优美。

  3. kind(1)kind 作可数名词,意为“种类,类别,类型”,常与of连用构成短语,常见的有: a kind of (一种); different kinds of (不同种类的);all kinds of (各种各样的); 这些短语后可以接不可数名词或可数名词的单数或复数。例如: The supermarket sells all kinds of goods. 超市出售各种各样的商品。(2)kind 作形容词,意为“友好的,善良的”,be kind to sb. 表示“对某人(友)好。例如: The old woman has a kind heart. 那位老人有一颗善良的心。 Our teacher is kind to us. 我们老师对我们很好。(3)kind of 是非常口语化的表达方式,意为“有点儿,稍微”,用来修饰形容词。相当于a little/bit, 也可以单独使用。例如: That made me feel kind of nervous. 那使我感到有点儿紧张。 She is kind of shy. 她有点害羞。

  4. south(1)south 作名词,意为“南,南方,南部”,前面常加the。例如: Guangzhou is in the south of China. 广州在中国的南部。(2)south 作形容词, 意为“南方的”,常用作定语。例如: South China 华南 South Africa 南非 South America 南美洲拓展:可以用来表示方位的名词还有 east(东), west(西), north(北), southeast (东南)southwest(西南), northwest (西北), northeast (东北)。

  5. sleep(1)sleep作动词,意为“睡,睡觉”,指睡,睡着的全过程,强调睡眠的持续状态,后面可以跟副词或者介词。例如: Don’t cry, the baby is sleeping. 别哭,那个婴儿在睡觉。 I can’t sleep because of the noise. 嘈杂声吵得我睡不着觉。 Did you sleep well last night? 你昨晚睡得好吗?(2)sleep 做名词,意为“睡觉,睡眠”,常为不可数名词。但sleep前面有形容词时,可在前面加上 a (an), 表示“一段……睡眠”。词组go to sleep意为“入睡,睡着”。例如: I need to have some sleep. 我需要睡一会儿。 Did you have a good sleep last night? 你昨天晚上睡得好吗?(3)asleep和 sleepy 都是sleep的形容词形式。asleep 表示“睡着的”,属于表语形容词,词组fall asleep意为“睡着”;sleepy意为“困倦的,想入睡的”,既可以作定语也可以作表语。例如: He fell asleep soon. 他很快睡着了。 I’m very sleepy. 我很困。

  6. friendlyfriendly 是由名词friend + -ly 构成的形容词,意为“友好的”。其反义词为unfriendly,意为“不友好的”。例如: Chinese people are very friendly. 中国人民很友好。类似的构词还有: love + -ly——lovely 可爱的 mother + -ly —— motherly 母亲般的 week + -ly —— weekly 每周的拓展:(1)be friendly to sb. 意为“对……友好”,指对别人态度好,热情;相当于“be kind to sb.”。例如: My classmates are all friendly to me. 我的同学对我都很友好。(2)be friendly with 意为“和……关系好/ 与……要好”,指的是两者的关系。例如: The classmates in our class are friendly with each other. 我们班上的同学相互关系都很好。

  7. save(1)save 动词,在本单元意为“拯救,救助”,后接名词或者代词作宾语。save one’s life意为“挽救某人的生命”。例如: He saved the boy’s life. 他救了那个男孩的命。(2)save 还可意为“储蓄,储存”。例如: He saved a lot of money to buy a house. 他存了很多钱为了买房子。(3)save 还可以意为“节约,节省”。例如: Please save water. 请节约用水。

  8. forgetforget 动词,意为“忘记,遗忘”,作及物动词时意为“忘记”,其后可以直接跟名词作宾语,也可以跟动词不定式或者动名词;作不及物动词时意为“遗忘东西”。它的反义词是 remember,形容词是forgetful。例如: Let’s forget the bad past! 让我们忘记糟糕的过去吧! I’ve forgotten about it. 我已经忘记这件事了。 Don’t forget to bring me an umbrella. 别忘了给我带把伞。拓展:forget 和 leave的区别forget不与表示地点的介词短语连用,只是表示忘记,但不具体表明将某物忘在了什么地方。例如: Sorry, I forget my key. 抱歉,我忘了带钥匙了。 leave 常与表示地点的介词短语连用,表示“将某物忘在某地”。例如: I left my key in my office. 我把钥匙落在办公室了。

  9. danger(1)danger 名词,意为“危险”,be in (great) danger 意为“处于(极大地)危险中”;out of danger 意为“脱离危险”。例如: We must save the animals in great danger. 我们必须拯救处于灭绝中的动物。 The doctor says that he is no longer in danger. 医生说他已经脱离危险。 The man is out of danger now. 那个人已经脱离危险。(2)danger 的形容词是dangerous, 意为“危险的”,反义词是safe,意为“安全的”。例如: He is dangerous. 他是个危险人物。 The river is dangerous for swimmers. 对于游泳者来说,这条河是危险的。

  10. cut(1)cut 动词,意为“砍,切”,只用带刃儿的工具将物体分开,可以接简单的宾语也可以接双宾语,其间接宾语也可以转化成介词for的宾语。例如: Please cut Lily the cake. = Please cut the cake for Lily. 请帮莉莉切蛋糕。(2)cut down 是固定词组,意为“砍倒”,指自根基部分砍倒某物。cut down 还可以表示“削减;缩小(尺寸或数量等)”,后接介词to或者on构成的短语。例如: People should stop cutting down so many trees. 人们应该停止大量砍倒树木。 We need to cut the article down to 1,000 words. 我们得把这篇文章压缩到1,000字。

  11. over(1)over 为介词,有“超过,多于”的含义,相当于more than。例如: There are over 50 students in our class, 在我们班里有50多名学生。(2)over作介词还可以表示“在……上方”。例如: There is a bridge over the river. 河上有座桥。(3)over作副词, 表示“完了,结束”。常作表语。例如: Class is over. 下课了。(4)常见的over构成的短语有: go over 检查 all over 遍及,整个 over and over 反复 over there 在那边

  12. lost(1)lost 作为形容词, 意为“走失的,迷路的,失散的”或者“丢失的,遗失的”;常与系动词be或者get连用,表示“丢失,走失,迷路”。“get lost”表示“迷路时”相当于lose one’s way。例如: The boy got lost. = The boy lost his way. 那个男孩迷路了。 My keys are lost again. 我的钥匙又丢了。(2)lost经常用于名词前作定语修饰名词。例如: a lost child 走丢了的孩子 a lost watch 被人遗失的手表(3)lost 是动词lose的过去式和过去分词;动词lose有“遗失; 失去”的含义,lose one’s home 意为“失去家园”。例如: The flood made thousands of people lose their homes. 洪水使成千上万的人失去了家园。

  练一练:Ⅰ. 英汉互译。1. 其中之一_________ 2. 砍倒_________ 3. lose one’s home_______4. 濒临灭绝_________ 5. kind of _______ 6. 各种各样的 ________7. get lost _______ 8. 黑白相间_______ 9. 南非________10. 一整天_______Ⅱ. 根据句意和首字母提示补全单词。1. W______ to the zoo. There are many animals here.2. This is my f______ journey by air. How excited I am!3. She is a b______ girl with golden hair.4. The baby is s______ enough to work the problem out.5. The p______ like eating bamboo and they’re black and white.6. Don’t f______ we’re going to the theatre tonight.7. I want to see monkeys because they’re k_____ of cute.8. People can’t live without w______.9. Let’s s______ the animals in great danger.10. There are o______ 2,000 students in our school.Ⅲ. 用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。1. Her______ (friend) are very ______ (friend) to us.2. Don’t let ______ (he) stand over there, please.3. It’s _______ (danger) to play soccer in the busy street.4. The baby is _____ (sleep). Don’t wake her up.5. Mr. Brown has two ______ (child).6. Let him______ (go) to the zoo with us, will you?7. I think elephants are ______ (interest) animals.8. Does the lions live in ______ ( African)?9. Some of us ______ (like) reading.10. Don’t forget ______ (practice) playing the guitar.Ⅳ.选词填空。A.从括号中选择适当的词填在横线上。1. A panda is ______ animal, and the lion is ______ cute. (kind of, a kind of)2. She doesn’t like tigers because they are _______ (cute, scary).3. Lucy, a ______(13 years old, 13-year-old) girl, is my new pen pal.4. Don’t ______(cut off, cut down)so many trees.5. Remember ______ (bring, to bring) your pens next time.B. 从方框中选择合适的词填空。

英语七年级下册重点知识归纳:Unit5知识点梳理(人教版)

  6. The parrot is very______. She can talk.7. I don’t like lions because I think they’re ______.8. -How ______ your daughter is! -Thank you.9. The girl is very ______. She doesn’t like to speak to others.10. We Chinese are very ______ to others.

  参考答案I. 英汉互译。1. one of 2. cut down 3. 失去某人的家园 4. be in (great) danger5. 有点 6. all kinds of 7. 迷路 8. black and white 9.South Africa 10. all dayⅡ. 根据句意和首字母提示补全单词。1. Welcome 2. first 3. beautiful 4. smart 5. pandas6. forget 7. kind 8. water 9. save 10. overIII. 用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。1. friends, friendly 2. him 3. dangerous 4. sleeping 5. children 6. go 7. interesting 8. Africa 9. like 10. to practiceⅣ.选词填空。A. 1. a kind of, kind of 2. scary 3. 13-year-old 4. cut down 5. to bringB. 6.cute 7. scary 8. kind 9. shy 10.friendly

  Unit5 重点句型解析

  1. Let’s see the pandas first.

  (1)本句是一个祈使句,句式为“Let’s do sth.”意为“让我们……吧。”主要用来提出建议和请求, 劝对方一起做,包括听话者在内。它的否定式是“Let’s not do sth.”,意为“让我们不做某事”。例如: Let’s play games together. 我们一起做游戏吧。 Let’s not tell anyone. 我们谁也别告诉。(2)“Let us do sth.” 意为“让/允许 我们做某事”,表示提出请求,请对方允许,不包括听话者在内。例如: Let us go with you, my dear mother. 亲爱的妈妈,让我们和你一起去吧。拓展:常见的其他表示建议的句式1) Shall we…? 我们……好吗?例如: Shall we go out for a walk? 我们一起去散步好吗?2)How about/What about…? ……怎么样?例如: How / What about listening to the music? 听音乐怎么样?3)Why don’t you…? / Why not…? 为什么不……呢?例如: Why don’t you go swimming? = Why not go swimming? 为什么不去游泳呢?

  2. Why do you like pandas?(1)本句是why引导的特殊疑问句,用来询问原因;它的句式是“Why + be动词/ 情态动词/ 助动词 + 主语 + 动词?”。意为“为什么做……”。这个句式常用because引导的句子来回答。because是连词,表示直接的理由。例如: -Why is he here? 他为什么在这儿? -Because he has things to do. 因为他有事要做。 -Why do you study English?你为什么学英语? -Because it’s important. 因为它很重要。(2)why还可以表示建议,常用于句型“Why not + do sth.?或 Why don’t you + do sth.?”意为“为什么不……?”。例如: Why not go out for a walk? = Why don’t you go out for a walk? 为什么不出去散步呢?(3)why 可以做感叹词,表示吃惊、不耐烦或轻微的抗议、反对及犹豫等不同的语气。例如: Why, don’t you know me? 啊,难道你不认识我吗? Why, it’s easy-a child could do it! 嗨, 这容易的很,连小孩子都会做!

  3. We must save the trees and not buy things made of ivory.(1)made是make 的过去分词,made of ivory意为“由象牙做成的”,在句子中做后置定语修饰things。类似这样的用法还有: the boy called Tom 叫汤姆的那个男孩 (called是call的过去分词,作后置定语修饰the boy)(2)be made of 意为“由……制成”,从制成品能看出原材料。例如: The kite is made of paper. 这个风筝是用纸做的。(3)be made from 意为“由……制成”,从制成品看不出原材料。例如: The paper is made from wood and bamboo. 纸是由木头和竹子制造的。

  4. Isn’t she beautiful?(1)本句是一个否定疑问句。否定疑问句通常以be动词、情态动词或助动词与not的缩写形式开头,意思是“难道……不……吗?”,可以表示说话者惊异的情绪、责难的口吻或赞叹;也可以表示说话者的某种建议、邀请或者看法等。例如: Aren’t you an American? 难道你不是个美国人吗? Can’t you play football? 你难道不会踢足球吗?(2)否定疑问句的回答与一般疑问句的回答一样,凡是与事实相符的用Yes,不相符的用No。但在翻译时,要将Yes 翻译作“不”,将No翻译作“是的”;这一点和汉语不同。例如: -Doesn’t she want to go? 她难道不想去吗? -Yes, she does. 不,她想去。 -No, she doesn’t. 是的,她不想去。

  5. Where are they from?(1)此句是where引导的特殊疑问句,即“Where + be + 主语+ from”句型,回答时,介词from后跟表示国家、城市等的地点名词。对Where 引导的特殊疑问句我们应该根据实际情况作出回答。

英语七年级下册重点知识归纳:Unit5知识点梳理(人教版)

  (2)介词from意为来自,be from = come from 意为“从……来,来自”。“be from”构成的句式,否定句疑问句等句式的变换或者时态的变化由be来实现。“come from”构成的句式,各种句式或者时态的变化要用come或者助动词等来实现。例如: I am from Shanghai. = I come from Shanghai. 我来自上海。 Are you from Shanghai? = Do you come from Shanghai? 你来自上海吗? She isn’t from Shanghai. =She doesn’t come from Shanghai. 她不是来自上海。

  练一练:Ⅰ. 情景对话,每空一词。A: What are you going to do next Sunday?B: I don’t know. 1 2 you?A: I 3 to go to the zoo.B: Good idea! What 4 do you like?A: I like giraffes.B: 5 ?A: Because they’re very friendly and cute.B: 6 you want to see the giraffes first.A: That’s right.B: What 7 animals do you like?A: I like dolphins, 8 .B: Why?A: Because they’re 9 10 interesting.1._____ 2._____ 3._____ 4._____ 5._____6._____ 7._____ 8._____ 9._____ 10._____Ⅱ. 句型转换,每空一词。1. I want to see the lions because they are cute. (就划线部分提问) ______ ______ ______ want to see the lions?2. Pandas are from China. (就划线部分提问) ______ ______ pandas from?3. This girl is a little shy. (改为同义句)This girl is _____ _____ shy.4. Why not listen to some light music? (改为同义句) ______ ______ ______ listen to some light music?5. My mother likes giraffes. (改为一般疑问句) _______ ______ mother ______ giraffes?6. Pandas come from China. (改为同义句) Pandas ______ ______ China. 7. I like monkeys. They are interesting. (合并为一句) I______ ______ _______ _______ interesting. 8. Nancy likes giraffes. (改为否定句) Nancy ______ _______ giraffes. 9. are, in, the, zoo, cute, very, animals (连词成句) ________________________________ 10. What other animals do you like? (改为同义句) ______ ______ do you like?Ⅲ. 根据汉语意思,完成句子,每空一词。1. 我妹妹最喜欢的动物是熊猫。My sister’s _______ ________ are pandas.2. 大象是泰国的标志之一。The elephant is _______ _______ Thailand’s ________.3. 他们为什么看着我?_______ are they ______ ______ me?4. 她喜欢和她的中国朋友玩。She likes to ______ ______ her Chinese friends.5. 拉里非常懒惰,通常每天睡14个小时。Larry is very______, and he usually sleeps 14 hours ______ _____.6. -难道熊不可爱吗? -不,可爱。-______bears cute?- ______, they ______.7. 咱们先去看考拉吧。______ go to see the koalas_____.8. 人们说“大象从来不会忘记”。People ______ that “an elephant ______ ______.9. 你为什么不喜欢看书呢?_______ _______ _______ like reading books?10. 我们一定要拯救树木并且不买象牙制品。We must ______ the trees and not _______ things ______ ______ ivory.IV.用所给动词的正确形式填空(必要时可加助词) At the moment,we are getting ready for Spring Festival.We(1)_______(clean)the house and we(2)_______(sweep)the floor.My mother(3)_______(cook)a meal and my father(4)________(decorate)the house.My sister(5)________(watch)TV.Usually we(6)_________(buy)clothes,but we(7)_________(not buy)any clothes this New Year.We always(8)________(get)presents from our family and friends.The New Year Festival(9)________(finish)at The Lantern Festival,and we often(10)________(eat)round rice dumplings called yuanxiao.

  参考答案Ⅰ. 情景对话,每空一词。1. What/ How 2. about 3. want 4. animals 5. Why6. So 7. other 8. too 9. kind 10. ofⅡ. 句型转换,每空一词。1. Why do you 2. Where are 3. kind of 4. Why don’t you5. Does your, like 6. are from 7. like monkeys because they’re8. doesn’t like 9. Animals in the zoo are very cute. 10. What elseⅢ. 根据汉语意思,完成句子,每空一词。1. favorite animals 2. one of, symbols 3. Why, looking at 4. play with5. lazy, every day 6. Aren’t, Yes, are 7. Let’s, first 8. say, never forgets9. Why don’t you 10. save, buy, made ofIV.用所给动词的正确形式填空(必要时可加助词)1.are cleaning 2.ale sweeping 3.is cooking 4.is decorating 5.is watching 6.buy 7.don’t buy 8.get 9.finishes 10.eat

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